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Une maison de négoce à Marseille au xviiie siècle : les Roux frères

Abstract : The merchants of Marseille are closely associated with the commercial growth of the port in the 18th century. They differed from ordinary merchants in the versatility of their activities. They were at the same time wholesalers, shipowners, insurers and bankers, whether or not they came from Marseille. Alongside a few isolated trajectories are powerful dynasties such as the Roux dynasty. Heiress in 1728 to the powerful house of Bruny, the Roux house continued its activities until 1843, under different company names and with great family cohesion. The Mediterranean remains at the heart of their business, but the French Islands of America and the European area also make up the fields of their operations. Following the example of the major trading houses, the Roux brothers' company works as a network. Their correspondence with people they trust shows the close links they have established with the major European trading centres from London to Amsterdam, via Paris, Saint-Malo, Lyon and above all Cadiz, which has a monopoly on Spain's relations with the American empires. Also, alongside national merchandise, starting with Languedoc sheets destined for the Levantine market, the "fruits and treasures of the Indies", such as piastres and cochineal, are at the heart of speculation where commercial and banking techniques intersect. They work either on their own account, or in association, or as commission agents or consignees for other shipowners.
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Contributor : Pierre Labrousse Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, February 14, 2022 - 9:31:14 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:54:13 AM

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Gilbert Buti. Une maison de négoce à Marseille au xviiie siècle : les Roux frères. Patrimoines du sud, 2021, 13, ⟨10.4000/pds.6234⟩. ⟨hal-03571945⟩



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