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La synagogue de la Ghriba à Djerba. Réflexions sur l’inclusivité d’un sanctuaire partagé en Tunisie

Abstract : Both place of worship and holy place, the Ghriba synagogue on the island of Djerba in Tunisia is a sanctuary attended jointly by both Jews and Muslims. This “sharing” is a long term phenomenon attested throughout the Maghreb, but elsewhere has been considerably reduced as a result of the progressive emigration of Jews to Europe and Israel in the mid-twentieth century. However these interfaith crossings have lasted in Djerba since a Jewish community has stayed locally until nowadays. In 2002, an attack imputed to Al-Qaeda and then the consequences of the so-called Jasmin Revolution (2011) further limited this inclusiveness, as well as the punctual return of these Tunisian Jews in search of roots. Indeed the annual pilgrimage has a strong memorial and identity dimension promoted by the State in the name of a mythical “convivencia”. More broadly, this article aims at understanding this heterogeneity by questioning the issue of the opening of this emblematic sanctuary of devotional crossings between Jews and Muslims in the Maghreb.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 14, 2022 - 10:37:24 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 15, 2022 - 3:42:34 AM
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Dionigi Albera, Manoël Pénicaud. La synagogue de la Ghriba à Djerba. Réflexions sur l’inclusivité d’un sanctuaire partagé en Tunisie. Les Cahiers d’Outre-Mer. Revue de géographie de Bordeaux, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2016, LXIX (274), pp.103-132. ⟨10.4000/com.7881⟩. ⟨hal-03572173⟩

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