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L'enquête de 1665 sur le littoral provençal : un état des lieux pour l’État royal

Abstract : Large administrative inquiries were undertaken in seventeenth-century France. In 1665, at the request of Colbert, on such inquiry sought to determine the state of the kingdom's ports. It raised the question of the role of the unballasting of ships in the degradation of the harbour basins. Colbert worked with the officers of the admiralties who called upon experts chosen among the users of the ports. The examination of the answers given in four ports of Provence (Martigues, Marseilles, Toulon and Saint-Tropez) reveals the followed procedure. The analysis of reports shows the complexity and the diversity of the answers. These contain some suggestions to improve local situations. Some were followed by practical changes, others ignored. Besides the congestion of harbour, the use of ballast poses economic and environmental questions.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 14, 2022 - 1:08:52 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 24, 2022 - 3:11:52 PM

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Gilbert Buti. L'enquête de 1665 sur le littoral provençal : un état des lieux pour l’État royal. Annales de Bretagne et des Pays de l'Ouest, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2019, 126 (3), pp.77-100. ⟨10.4000/abpo.4632⟩. ⟨hal-03572685⟩

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