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FCGR2A-HH Gene Variants Encoding the Fc Gamma Receptor for the C-Reactive Protein Are Associated with Enhanced Monocyte CD32 Expression and Cardiovascular Events' Recurrence after Primary Acute Coronary Syndrome Accepted for publication in Biomedecines 19/02/22

Abstract : Fcγ receptors (FcγRs) interact with the C-reactive protein (CRP) and mediate activation of inflammation-related pathogenic mechanisms affecting cardiovascular health. Our study evaluated whether FcγRIIA and FcγRIIIA profiles are associated with the recurrence of adverse cardiovascular events during the first year after a primary acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The primary endpoint was the recurrence of cardiovascular events (RCE), identified as a composite outcome comprising acute heart failure (AHF) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). We obtained blood samples of 145 ACS patients to measure hsCRP circulating levels, to identify FcγRIIA-131RH rs1801274 and FcγRIIIA-158FV rs396991 polymorphisms, to analyze circulating monocytes and NK cell subsets expressing CD16 and CD32, and to detect serum-mediated FCGR2A-HH activation by luciferase reporter assays. The hsCRP, CD32-expression, and Fc-R mediated activation levels were similar in all patients regardless of their MACE risk. In contrast, the hsCRP levels and the proportion of CD14+ circulating monocytes expressing the CD32 receptor for CRP were significantly higher in the patients who developed AHF. The FCGR2A rs1801274 HH genotype was significantly more common in patients who developed RCE and MACE than in RCE-free patients and associated with an enhanced percentage of circulating CD32+CD14+ monocytes. The FCGR2A-HH genotype was identified as an independent predictor of subsequent RCE (OR, 2.7; p = 0.048; CI, 1.01–7.44) by multivariate analysis. These findings bring preliminary evidence that host FCGR2A genetic variants can influence monocyte CD32 receptor expression and may contribute to the fine-tuning of CD32-driven chronic activating signals that affect the risk of developing RCEs following primary ACS events.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03581540
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 19, 2022 - 10:59:05 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 8, 2022 - 2:15:41 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, May 20, 2022 - 6:33:02 PM

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Pascale Paul, Christophe Picard, Luc Lyonnet, Noémie Resseguier, Lucas Hubert, et al.. FCGR2A-HH Gene Variants Encoding the Fc Gamma Receptor for the C-Reactive Protein Are Associated with Enhanced Monocyte CD32 Expression and Cardiovascular Events' Recurrence after Primary Acute Coronary Syndrome Accepted for publication in Biomedecines 19/02/22. Biomedicines, 2022, 10 (2), pp.495. ⟨10.3390/biomedicines10020495⟩. ⟨hal-03581540⟩

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