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A Magnetic Geothermometer in Moderately Buried Shales

Abstract : Shales contain magnetic minerals generally at very low concentrations. In the early stages of diagenesis, the inherited magnetic minerals are altered, while magnetic nanominerals are formed. In this study, we proposed a study of shales over a stratigraphic thickness of 1.3 km from a borehole in the Paris basin (Borehole EST 433, France), and shales from the same formation (Opalinus Clay) collected in seven boreholes in the Jura molasse basin (Swiss). Magnetic measurements at experimental temperatures <30 K allowed the formation of a proxy of magnetite nanograins named PM. We showed that some of these nanograins formed around the pyrite grains, probably under the action of temperature and organic matter. PM was then compared to the maturity values of the organic matter. We found a correlation between PM and the percentage of reflectance of vitrinite. The shales from both Paris and molassic Swiss basins showed very comparable magnetic characteristics for a given maturity level. The magnetic study therefore provided constraints on the maturity level of the shales in the oil window area. Our study showed that PM can be used as a geothermometer in shales in which CaCO3 is lower than 60%.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03629197
Contributor : Olivier Grauby Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, April 4, 2022 - 10:51:57 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 5, 2022 - 3:36:42 AM

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Charles Aubourg, Myriam Kars, Jean-Pierre Pozzi, Martin Mazurek, O. Grauby. A Magnetic Geothermometer in Moderately Buried Shales. Minerals, MDPI, 2021, 11, ⟨10.3390/min11090957⟩. ⟨hal-03629197⟩

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