Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Awake prone positioning for hypoxaemic respiratory failure: past, COVID-19 and perspectives

Abstract : Prone positioning reduces mortality in the management of intubated patients with moderate-to-severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. It allows improvement in oxygenation by improving ventilation/perfusion ratio mismatching. Because of its positive physiological effects, prone positioning has also been tested in non-intubated, spontaneously breathing patients, or “awake” prone positioning. This review provides an update on awake prone positioning for hypoxaemic respiratory failure, in both coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and non-COVID-19 patients. In non-COVID-19 acute respiratory failure, studies are limited to a few small nonrandomised studies and involved patients with different diseases. However, results have been appealing with regard to oxygenation improvement, especially when combined with noninvasive ventilation or high-flow nasal cannula. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has led to a major increase in hospitalisations for acute respiratory failure. Awake prone positioning has been used with the aim to prevent intensive care unit admission and mechanical ventilation. Prone positioning in conscious, non-intubated COVID-19 patients is used in emergency departments, medical wards and intensive care units. Several trials reported an improvement in oxygenation and respiratory rate during prone positioning, but impacts on clinical outcomes, particularly on intubation rates and survival, remain unclear. Tolerance of prolonged prone positioning is an issue. Larger controlled, randomised studies are underway to provide results concerning clinical benefit and define optimised prone positioning regimens.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03654419
Contributor : GUILLAUME RANCHON Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 3:52:52 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 3:38:08 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

François Touchon, Youssef Trigui, Eloi Prud'Homme, Laurent Lefebvre, Alais Giraud, et al.. Awake prone positioning for hypoxaemic respiratory failure: past, COVID-19 and perspectives. European Respiratory Review, European Respiratory Society, 2021, 30 (160), pp.210022. ⟨10.1183/16000617.0022-2021⟩. ⟨hal-03654419⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

7