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Risk stratification of patients undergoing transvenous lead extraction with the ELECTRa Registry Outcome Score (EROS): an ESC EHRA EORP European lead extraction ConTRolled ELECTRa registry analysis

Abstract : Abstract Aims Transvenous lead extraction is associated with a significant risk of complications and identifying patients at highest risk pre-procedurally will enable interventions to be planned accordingly. We developed the ELECTRa Registry Outcome Score (EROS) and applied it to the ELECTRa registry to determine if it could appropriately risk-stratify patients. Methods and results EROS was devised to risk-stratify patients into low risk (EROS 1), intermediate risk (EROS 2), and high risk (EROS 3). This was applied to the ESC EORP European Lead Extraction ConTRolled ELECTRa registry; 57.5% EROS 1, 31.8% EROS 2, and 10.7% EROS 3. Patients with EROS 3 or 2 were significantly more likely to require powered sheaths and a femoral approach to complete procedures. Patients with EROS 3 were more likely to suffer procedure-related major complications including deaths (5.1 vs. 1.3%; P < 0.0001), both intra-procedural (3.5 vs. 0.8%; P = 0.0001) and post-procedural (1.6 vs. 0.5%; P = 0.0192). They were more likely to suffer post-procedural deaths (0.8 vs. 0.2%; P 0.0449), cardiac avulsion or tear (3.8 vs. 0.5%; P < 0.0001), and cardiovascular lesions requiring pericardiocentesis, chest tube, or surgical repair (4.6 vs. 1.0%; P < 0.0001). EROS 3 was associated with procedure-related major complications including deaths [odds ratio (OR) 3.333, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.879–5.914; P < 0.0001] and all-cause in-hospital major complications including deaths (OR 2.339, 95% CI 1.439–3.803; P = 0.0006). Conclusion EROS successfully identified patients who were at increased risk of significant procedural complications that require urgent surgical intervention.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 4:24:46 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, August 28, 2022 - 10:29:18 AM

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Baldeep Sidhu, Salma Ayis, Justin Gould, Mark Elliott, Vishal Mehta, et al.. Risk stratification of patients undergoing transvenous lead extraction with the ELECTRa Registry Outcome Score (EROS): an ESC EHRA EORP European lead extraction ConTRolled ELECTRa registry analysis. EP-Europace, 2021, 23 (9), pp.1462-1471. ⟨10.1093/europace/euab037⟩. ⟨hal-03654506⟩

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