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Cardiac Organoids and Gastruloids to Study Physio-Pathological Heart Development

Abstract : Ethical issues restrict research on human embryos, therefore calling for in vitro models to study human embryonic development including the formation of the first functional organ, the heart. For the last five years, two major models have been under development, namely the human gastruloids and the cardiac organoids. While the first one mainly recapitulates the gastrulation and is still limited to investigate cardiac development, the second one is becoming more and more helpful to mimic a functional beating heart. The review reports and discusses seminal works in the fields of human gastruloids and cardiac organoids. It further describes technologies which improve the formation of cardiac organoids. Finally, we propose some lines of research towards the building of beating mini-hearts in vitro for more relevant functional studies.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2022 - 12:30:46 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 30, 2022 - 11:28:09 AM

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Marisa Jaconi, Michel Puceat. Cardiac Organoids and Gastruloids to Study Physio-Pathological Heart Development. Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease, 2021, 8 (12), pp.178. ⟨10.3390/jcdd8120178⟩. ⟨hal-03662431⟩



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