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Spatiotemporal Dynamic of the RTS,S/AS01 Malaria Vaccine Target Antigens in Senegal

Abstract : ABSTRACT. The RTS,S/AS01 malaria vaccine confers only moderate protection against malaria. Evidence suggests that the effectiveness of the RTS,S/AS01 vaccine depends upon the parasite population genetics, specifically regarding the circumsporozoite protein haplotypes in the population. We investigated Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (PfCSP) gene sequences from two endemic sites in 2018 in Senegal. The PfCSP sequences were compared with those retrieved from the Pf3k genome database. In the central repeat region of PfCSP, the distribution of haplotypes differed significantly between the two study sites (Fisher’s exact test, P < 0.001). No 3D7 vaccine strain haplotype was observed in this locus. In the C-terminal region, there was no significant difference in haplotypes distribution between Kedougou and Diourbel (Fischer’s exact test, P = 0.122). The 3D7 haplotype frequency was 8.4% in early samples (2001–2011), but then it contracted in the subsequent years. The extensive plasticity of the P. falciparum genes coding the RTS,S/AS01 vaccine target antigens may influence the immune responses to circulating alleles. Monitoring the genetic diversity baseline and its dynamics over time and space would be instrumental in rationally improving the malaria RTS,S/AS01 vaccine and/or its implementation schedule.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2022 - 4:18:26 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 3:12:08 AM

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Mamadou Alpha Diallo, Coralie L’ollivier, Khadim Diongue, Aida Sadikh Badiane, Aly Kodio, et al.. Spatiotemporal Dynamic of the RTS,S/AS01 Malaria Vaccine Target Antigens in Senegal. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2021, 105 (6), pp.1738-1746. ⟨10.4269/ajtmh.21-0369⟩. ⟨hal-03662884⟩

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