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Outflow Tract Formation—Embryonic Origins of Conotruncal Congenital Heart Disease

Abstract : Anomalies in the cardiac outflow tract (OFT) are among the most frequent congenital heart defects (CHDs). During embryogenesis, the cardiac OFT is a dynamic structure at the arterial pole of the heart. Heart tube elongation occurs by addition of cells from pharyngeal, splanchnic mesoderm to both ends. These progenitor cells, termed the second heart field (SHF), were first identified twenty years ago as essential to the growth of the forming heart tube and major contributors to the OFT. Perturbation of SHF development results in common forms of CHDs, including anomalies of the great arteries. OFT development also depends on paracrine interactions between multiple cell types, including myocardial, endocardial and neural crest lineages. In this publication, dedicated to Professor Andriana Gittenberger-De Groot and her contributions to the field of cardiac development and CHDs, we review some of her pioneering studies of OFT development with particular interest in the diverse origins of the many cell types that contribute to the OFT. We also discuss the clinical implications of selected key findings for our understanding of the etiology of CHDs and particularly OFT malformations.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2022 - 5:32:31 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 11:27:14 AM

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Sonia Stefanovic, Heather Etchevers, Stéphane Zaffran. Outflow Tract Formation—Embryonic Origins of Conotruncal Congenital Heart Disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease, 2021, 8 (4), pp.42. ⟨10.3390/jcdd8040042⟩. ⟨hal-03663016⟩



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