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Wolbachia Detection in Field-Collected Mosquitoes from Cameroon

Abstract : Wolbachia spp., known to be maternally inherited intracellular bacteria, are widespread among arthropods, including mosquitoes. Our study assessed the presence and prevalence of Wolbachia infection in wild mosquitoes collected in Cameroon, using the combination of 23s rRNA Anaplasmatacea and 16s rRNA Wolbachia genes. Mosquitoes that were positive for Wolbachia were sequenced for subsequent phylogenetic analysis. Out of a total of 1740 individual mosquitoes belonging to 22 species and five genera screened, 33 mosquitoes (1.87%) belonging to eight species (namely, Aedes albopictus, A. contigus, Culex quinquefasciatus, C. perfuscus, C. wigglesworthi, C. duttoni, Anopheles paludis and Coquillettidia sp.) were found to be positive for Wolbachia infections. Wolbachia spp. were absent in A. gambiae and A. aegypti, the main vectors of malaria and dengue, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S RNA sequences showed they belong mainly to two distinct subgroups (A and B). This study reports the presence of Wolbachia in about eight species of mosquitoes in Cameroon and suggests that future characterisation of the strains is needed.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03663369
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 10, 2022 - 10:26:07 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 3:15:17 AM

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Roland Bamou, Adama Zan Diarra, Marie Paul Audrey Mayi, Borel Djiappi-Tchamen, Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, et al.. Wolbachia Detection in Field-Collected Mosquitoes from Cameroon. Insects, 2021, 12 (12), pp.1133. ⟨10.3390/insects12121133⟩. ⟨hal-03663369⟩

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