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Journal Articles Journal of Fungi Year : 2022

Coniochaeta massiliensis sp. nov. Isolated from a Clinical Sampl28

Coniochaeta massiliensis sp. nov. Isolated from a Clinical Sampl28

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Abstract

The genus Coniochaeta belongs to the class Ascomycota and the family Coniochaetaceae. Some of the Coniochaeta species are plant and animal pathogens, while others are known to be primarily involved in human diseases. In the last few decades, case reports of human infections with Coniochaeta have increased, mainly in immunocompromised hosts. We have described and characterised a new species in the genus Coniochaeta, here named Coniochaeta massiliensis (PMML0158), which was isolated from a clinical sample. Species identification and thorough description were based on apposite and reliable phylogenetic and phenotypic approaches. The phylogenetic methods included multilocus phylogenetic analyses of four genomic regions: ITS (rRNA Internal Transcribed Spacers 1 and 2), TEF-1α (Translation Elongation Factor-1alpha), B-tub2 (β-tubulin2), and D1/D2 domains (28S large subunit rRNA). The phenotypic characterisation consisted, first, of a physiological analysis using both EDX (energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) and BiologTM advanced phenotypic technology for fixing the chemical mapping and carbon-source oxidation/assimilation profiles. Afterwards, morphological characteristics were highlighted by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The in vitro antifungal susceptibility profile was characterised using the E-testTM exponential gradient method. The molecular analysis revealed the genetic distance between the novel species Coniochaeta massiliensis (PMML0158) and other known taxa, and the phenotypic analysis confirmed its unique chemical and physiological profile when compared with all other species of this genus.

Dates and versions

hal-03949290 , version 1 (20-01-2023)

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Jihane Kabtani, Muriel Militello, Stéphane Ranque. Coniochaeta massiliensis sp. nov. Isolated from a Clinical Sampl28. Journal of Fungi, 2022, 8 (10), pp.999. ⟨10.3390/jof8100999⟩. ⟨hal-03949290⟩
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