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CERTITUDE, EVIDENCE ET VERITE CHEZ DESCARTES LA QUESTION DU FONDEMENT CARTESIEN DE LA CONNAISSANCE

Abstract : One of the dominant interpretations of Descartes’ philosophy consists in considering that God assures a perfect conformity between the order of reasons and the order of things, in such a way that our ideas can be regarded in accordance with the reality such as it is out of our thought. We suggest that Descartes has never hoped that God could play this part in his theory of knowledge and that he has no more claim that we would be certain of having adequate ideas according to the reality as it is out of our thought. In this aim, we argue that the importance conceded by Descartes in favour of the deceiving God argument is over-valued by the scholars, and that it is used only to justify, by repercussion, the part that the veracity of God doesn’t play in Descartes’ first philosophy. We defend the thesis from which the foundation of the knowledge in Descartes’ philosophy is, in the final analysis, built on the ego cogitans in such a way that the truth, for the human mind, is not what the mind has to conform to, but what is necessary conformed to our mind. Consequently, we suggest that the ego, in Descartes’ first philosophy, plays, in absence, the role too frequently awarded to God by the scholars.
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Contributor : François-Xavier de Peretti <>
Submitted on : Sunday, February 26, 2017 - 12:44:32 PM
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François-Xavier de Peretti. CERTITUDE, EVIDENCE ET VERITE CHEZ DESCARTES LA QUESTION DU FONDEMENT CARTESIEN DE LA CONNAISSANCE. Philosophie. AMU - Aix Marseille Université, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01476885⟩

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