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L’intégration des relations inter-organisationnelles entre les métropoles et les régions : processus de structuration des stratégies d’attractivité territoriale

Abstract : French local public organizations have been affected by a territorial Big Bang (i.e. successive series of reforms): in 2016, the number of regions decreased from twenty-two to thirteen (excluding overseas territories) and, between 2014 and 2018, twenty-two metropolises were created. These metropolises and regions are responsible for defining and implementing territorial attractiveness strategies. Territorial managers and local politicians of these public organizations are thus required to work together under the NOTRé Act. This raises the question of the integration of these relations between (some) recently formed organizations and the process of structuring territorial attractiveness strategies. This should be understood from the perspective of economic and social development in a context of political, economic and social imbalance. Based on a pragmatic epistemological position in the sense of Dewey, this work deals with the methodology of the survey. The indeterminate situation of the survey is based on understanding the complexity of the challenge facing metropolitan and regional players. Consequently, this work proposes to provide answers to the following issue: in a context of constrained public inter-organizational relations, how does the integration of relations between territorial managers and local politicians influence the process of structuring territorial attractiveness strategies? Consistent with the pragmatist philosophy, the theoretical and conceptual scope relies on a transdisciplinary approach allowing the formulation of research proposals. The objective is first to address the why dimension through a first research question: how does collaborative public management contribute to the renewing of public management? Then, the how dimension is translated into a second research question: what is the structuring process of territorial attractiveness strategies? This question is based on three research proposals (P) that characterize dual (P1), conflicting (P2) and discussed (P3) attractiveness strategies. Finally, the what dimension is then addressed in a third research question: what are the characteristics of dyadic inter-organizational relations between territorial managers and local politicians within local public organizations? This question is investigated through three research proposals apprehending constrained (P4), dynamic (P5) and territorialized (P6) dyadic inter-organizational relations. The hybrid exploratory survey focuses on two jointly conducted studies. On the basis of two statistical textual analyses, Study 1 analyses the institutional discourses formalizing the territorial attractiveness strategies of French metropolises and regions (i.e. twenty-two metropolitan economic development schemes and twelve regional economic development, innovation and internationalization schemes). Study 2 characterizes the inter-organizational relations between territorial managers and local politicians within the process of structuring territorial attractiveness strategies. The use of a multiple cases study (i.e. four embedded metropolis-region pairs) offers a holistic research strategy facilitating a longitudinal analysis. It relies on a process-based approach using two series of semi-directive interviews (i.e. a series from September 2017 to January 2018 and a series from September 2019 to January 2020) of sixty territorial managers and eight local politicians involving a thematic content analysis. The results of these studies enrich the theoretical and conceptual framework of public management, territorial attractiveness strategies and inter-organizational relations, thus highlighting the knowledge that can be used by management practitioners. Once the indeterminate situation of the survey has been determined, new conditions emerge and generate new indeterminate situations. Therefore, this work finally brings out the contributions, limitations and research outlooks of this new indeterminate situation.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03094104
Contributor : Laura Carmouze Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, January 4, 2021 - 11:18:20 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 4:24:08 PM
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Laura Carmouze. L’intégration des relations inter-organisationnelles entre les métropoles et les régions : processus de structuration des stratégies d’attractivité territoriale. Gestion et management. Aix-Marseille-Université (AMU); Centre d'Études et de Recherche en Gestion d'Aix-Marseille (CERGAM); École doctorale Sciences Économiques et de Gestion d'Aix-Marseille (ED 372), 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03094104⟩

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