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Fast interaction dynamics of G-quadruplex and RGG-rich peptides unveiled in zero-mode waveguides

Abstract : G-quadruplexes (GQs), a non-canonical form of DNA, are receiving a huge interest as target sites for potential applications in antiviral and anticancer drug treatments. The biological functions of GQs can be controlled by specifically binding proteins known as GQs binding proteins. Some of the GQs binding proteins contain an arginine and glycine-rich sequence known as RGG peptide. Despite the important role of RGG, the GQs-RGG interaction remains poorly understood. By single molecule measurements, the interaction dynamics can be determined in principle. However, the RGG–GQs interaction occurs at micromolar concentrations, making conventional single-molecule experiments impossible with a diffraction-limited confocal microscope. Here, we use a 120 nm zero-mode waveguide (ZMW) nanoaperture to overcome the diffraction limit. The combination of dual-color fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS) with FRET is used to unveil the interaction dynamics and measure the association and dissociation rates. Our data show that the RGG–GQs interaction is predominantly driven by electrostatics but that a specific affinity between the RGG sequence and the GQs structure is preserved. The single molecule approach at micromolar concentration is the key to improve our understanding of GQs function and develop its therapeutic applications by screening a large library of GQs-targeting peptides and proteins.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03455575
Contributor : Jérome Wenger Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 29, 2021 - 5:17:07 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 3:22:04 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Satyajit Patra, Jean-Benoît Claude, Jean-Valère Naubron, Jérôme Wenger. Fast interaction dynamics of G-quadruplex and RGG-rich peptides unveiled in zero-mode waveguides. Nucleic Acids Research, 2021, ⟨10.1093/nar/gkab1002⟩. ⟨hal-03455575⟩

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