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Le jeu comme « leurre » et le démenti

Abstract : In the cure, according to our hypothesis, the games played by children obey different unconscious logics, which reveals the importance of envisioning the reception of different types of play in the cure. We propose a Freudian-inflected " structural classification of play, " drawing upon similar attempts made by Piaget for developmental psychology, and Caillois for sociology. We will consider that certain play follows a logic of negation (Verneinung) Ŕ play that we call " trompe-l'oeil " games; or a logic of disavowal (Verleugnung) Ŕ " decoy " games; or a logic of foreclusion (Verwerfung) Ŕ " suppléance " games. This article develops the type of play associated with the mechanism of disavowal: the game as decoy. We draw upon and analyse an example from the literature Ŕ that of Arpad, the " little chanticleer " received by S. Ferenczi in 1913. The examination of this case allows us to clarify the reasons for which such games can be an obstacle to the cure, as well as to the establishment and development of the transference. We will be led to cast doubt upon the possibility of considering such play to be " therapeutic " in the sense of winnicottian playing. Following the hypothesis that such play does not favour subjective change, we will propose a comparison with " trompe-l'oeil " and " suppléance " games.
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Marie Lenormand, Christian Bonnet. Le jeu comme « leurre » et le démenti. L'Évolution Psychiatrique, 2014, 79 (3), pp.489-501. ⟨10.1016/j.evopsy.2013.02.013⟩. ⟨hal-01333038⟩



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