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On the Role of Proprioception in Making Free Throws in Basketball

Abstract : PURPOSE: The aim of this article was to investigate the role that proprioception of the upper limb plays in making basketball free throws. METHOD: We designed an experiment to directly correlate the performance of basketball players in a free-throw task and an elbow- and wrist-joint position sense task. RESULTS: We found a moderately high correlation between the free-throw success rate and wrist-joint position sense and a moderate correlation between the free-throw success rate and elbow-joint position sense. In both cases, the most successful shooters also had the best proprioceptive results. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that free-throw success is, at least partly, determined by players' ability to sense the position of the distal joints of their throwing upper limb. From a motor-control point of view, this suggests that basketball players may organize the compensatory behavior between the joints of their free-throwing arm on the basis of proprioception. From a practical point of view, it points toward new training techniques to enhance free-throwing efficiency.
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Contributor : Violaine Sevrez <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 11, 2019 - 12:53:01 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, May 17, 2020 - 5:28:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, June 12, 2019 - 12:35:51 PM

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Violaine Sevrez, Christophe Bourdin. On the Role of Proprioception in Making Free Throws in Basketball. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2015, 86 (3), pp.274-280. ⟨10.1080/02701367.2015.1012578⟩. ⟨hal-01429962⟩

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