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Logique aristotélicienne et kalām ʿalā-l-naṣ ārā : la réponse à Abū Qurra dans le Muġ nī de ʿAbd al-Ğabbār

Abstract : Ending his refutation of Christian theology in al-Muġ nī fī abwāb al-tawḥ īd wa-l-ʿadl (written between 361-380/971-990), ʿAbd al-Ğabbār assumes the reasons given by an unknown author against Abū Qurra, bishop of Ḥ arrān (d. ca 210/825). According to Abū Qurra, God needs an eternal Son in order to have an equal to " dominate " , lest he should be deprived of honor and sovereignty. The unknown author laughs at this need of a subject God and Son, and argues throughout against this thought out of the Aristotelian category of " relative ". ʿAbd al-Ğabbār's text, compared to Abū Qurra's two treatises on this theme, shows up that it may be based on a lost Arabic treatise (known today through its Greek translation). The unknown author might be the theologian al-Murdār (m. 226/840), whose treatise Against Abū Qurra is recorded by al-Nadīm.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 31, 2017 - 3:41:01 PM
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Christian Boudignon. Logique aristotélicienne et kalām ʿalā-l-naṣ ārā : la réponse à Abū Qurra dans le Muġ nī de ʿAbd al-Ğabbār. Arabica, Brill Academic Publishers, 2011, 58 (6), pp.519-544. ⟨10.1163/157005811X561550⟩. ⟨hal-01499533⟩

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