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On Gender Gaps And Self-Fulfilling Expectations: Alternative Implications Of Paid-For Training

Abstract : This paper presents a model of self-fulfilling expectations by firms and households which generates multiplicity of equilibria in pay and housework time allocation for ex-ante identical spouses. Multiplicity arises from statistical discrimination exerted by firms in the provision of paid-for training to workers, rather than from incentive problems in the labor market. Employers' beliefs about differences in spouses' reactions to housework shocks lead to symmetric (ungendered) and asymmetric (gendered) equilibria. We find that: (1) the ungendered equilibrium tends to prevail as aggregate productivity in the economy increases (regardless of the generosity of family aid policies), (2) the ungendered equilibrium could yield higher welfare under some scenarios, and (3) gender-neutral job subsidies are more effective that gender-targeted ones in removing the gendered equilibrium.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01499641
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Submitted on : Friday, March 31, 2017 - 5:06:34 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 14, 2022 - 4:04:47 PM

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Juan J. Dolado, Cecilia Garcia-Peñalosa, Sara de La Rica. On Gender Gaps And Self-Fulfilling Expectations: Alternative Implications Of Paid-For Training. Economic Inquiry, 2013, 51 (3), pp.1829-1848. ⟨10.1111/j.1465-7295.2012.00485.x⟩. ⟨hal-01499641⟩

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