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The relationship between folding and activity in UreG, an intrinsically disordered enzyme

Abstract : A growing body of literature on intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) led scientists to rethink the structure-function paradigm of protein folding. Enzymes are often considered an exception to the rule of intrinsic disorder (ID), believed to require a unique structure for catalysis. However, recent studies revealed the presence of disorder in several functional native enzymes. In the present work, we address the importance of dynamics for catalysis, by investigating the relationship between folding and activity in Sporosarcina pasteurii UreG (SpUreG), a P-loop GTPase and the first discovered native ID enzyme, involved in the maturation of the nickel-containing urease. The effect of denaturants and osmolytes on protein structure and activity was analyzed using circular dichroism (CD), Site-Directed Spin Labeling (SDSL) coupled to EPR spectroscopy, and enzymatic assays. Our data show that SpUreG needs a “flexibility window” to be catalytically competent, with both too low and too high mobility being detrimental for its activity.
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Marta Palombo, Alessio Bonucci, Emilien Etienne, Stefano Ciurli, Vladimir N. Uversky, et al.. The relationship between folding and activity in UreG, an intrinsically disordered enzyme. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-06330-9⟩. ⟨hal-01585289⟩

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