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Longevity, age-structure, and optimal schooling

Abstract : The mechanism stating that longer life implies larger investment in human capital, is premised on the view that individual decision-making governs the relationship between longevity and education. This relationship is revisited here from the perspective of optimal period school life expectancy, obtained from the utility maximization of the whole population characterized by its age structure and its age-specific fertility and mortality. Realistic life tables such as model life tables are mandatory, because the age distribution of mortality matters, notably at infant and juvenile ages. Optimal period school life expectancy varies with life expectancy and fertility. The application to French historical data from 1806 to nowadays shows that the population age structure has indeed modified the relationship between longevity and optimal schooling.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01590008
Contributor : Elisabeth Lhuillier <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 19, 2017 - 11:59:17 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 5, 2020 - 3:09:48 AM

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Noël Bonneuil, Raouf Boucekkine. Longevity, age-structure, and optimal schooling. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Elsevier, 2017, 136 (C), pp.63--75. ⟨10.1016/j.jebo.2017.01.02⟩. ⟨hal-01590008⟩

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