Division of labor as an emergent phenomenon of social coordination: The example of playing doubles-pong

Abstract : In many daily situations, our behavior is coordinated with that of others. This study investigated this coordination in a doubles-pong task. In this task, two participants each controlled a paddle that could move laterally near the bottom of a shared computer screen. With their paddles, the players needed to block balls that moved down under an angle. In doing so, they needed to make sure that their paddles did not collide. A successful interception led to the ball bouncing back upwards. Importantly, all communication other than through vision of the shared screen was excluded. In the experiment, the initial position of the paddle of the right player was varied across trials. This allowed testing hypotheses regarding the use of a tacitly understood boundary to divide interception space. This boundary could be halfway the screen, or in the middle between the initial positions of the two paddles. These two hypotheses did not hold. As an alternative to planned division of labor, the behavioral patterns might emerge from continuous visual couplings of paddles and ball. This was tested with an action-based decision model that considered the rates of change of each player's angle between the interception axis and the line connecting the ball and inner edge of the paddle. The model accounted for the observed patterns of behavior to a very large extent. This led to the conclusion that decisions of who would take the ball emerged from ongoing social coordination. Implications for social coordination in general are discussed.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [36 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01668074
Contributor : Reinoud J. Bootsma <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 19, 2018 - 9:22:22 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 2, 2019 - 2:00:53 PM
Long-term archiving on : Tuesday, September 18, 2018 - 12:10:12 PM

File

Benerink HMS.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Niek H. Benerink, Frank T.J.M. Zaal, Remy Casanova, Nathalie Bonnardel, Reinoud J. Bootsma. Division of labor as an emergent phenomenon of social coordination: The example of playing doubles-pong. Human Movement Science, Elsevier, 2018, 57, pp.134 - 148. ⟨10.1016/j.humov.2017.11.012⟩. ⟨hal-01668074⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

163

Files downloads

159