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Journal Articles French Historical Studies Year : 2017

Who Goes There? To Live and Survive during the Wars of Religion

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Abstract

This article reflects on the ordeals a community experienced when trust suddenly disintegrated and it was confronted by the presence - real or imagined - of an "internal enemy" ready to strike anywhere and at anyone. This enemy was even more frightening and damaging because it was concealed within the apathy, banality, routine, and comfort of daily life. In such a society, encountering the other and presenting the self became matters of life and death, rather than merely means of protecting social honor. What skills were called upon to flush out "suspects" or were necessary to flee a city massacring its inhabitants? The Wars of Religion (1562-98) can help us to think about a society confronted with the eruption of sudden violence that, like terrorism, comes from within the community.  
La présente contribution se propose de réfléchir aux épreuves subies par la communauté quand la confiance se délite soudainement, quand une société est confrontée à la présence—réelle ou fantasmée—d'un « ennemi intérieur » prêt à frapper n'importe où, n'importe qui, tapi dans l'indolence, la banalité, la routine et le confort du quotidien. Dans cette société, la reconnaissance d'autrui et la présentation de soi n'ont plus pour but de protéger l'honneur social mais engagent des questions de vie ou de mort. Quelles sont les compétences mobilisées pour débusquer les « suspects », celles nécessaires aussi pour fuir une ville qui massacre ses habitants ? Les guerres de Religion (1562–98) peuvent aider à penser une société confrontée à l'irruption d'une violence soudaine et, à l'image du terrorisme, venue de l'intérieur de la communauté.
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Dates and versions

hal-01727889 , version 1 (09-03-2018)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01727889 , version 1

Cite

Jérémie Foa. Who Goes There? To Live and Survive during the Wars of Religion. French Historical Studies, 2017, 40 (3), pp.425-438. ⟨hal-01727889⟩
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