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Natural Nano Materials Trapp Pollutants in Soils

Abstract : Persistent pesticides led to long term pollution of soils and consequently contaminate rivers, groundwater, ecosystems and finally human beings. Volcanic soils (andosols) are generally more polluted than the other kinds of tropical soils but data show that andosols release less pesticides to percolating water and crops. Andosols contain amorphous clays (allophane) which present unique structures and physical properties compared to crystalline clays. Allophane aggregates have physical features very close to that of nano porous materials like synthetic gels: large pore volume and water content, a broad pore size distribution, a high specific surface area and a fractal structure. The aim of the study was to show the influence of the features (nano materials structure, shrinkage during drying) of these natural gels on the pesticide retention. Our study confirms that the soil to crop pesticide transfer is lower in andosols compared to other volcanic soils. Associated to high organic matter content, the allophane microstructure favor pollutants (chlordecone) accumulation in soils. We put forth the importance of the nano porous features of allophane (the associated tortuous microstructure) but also the pore collapse during drying, for pollutant trapping in soils.
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Thierry Woignier, Florence Clostre, Luc Rangon, Magalie Lesueur Jannoyer. Natural Nano Materials Trapp Pollutants in Soils. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENERGY and ENVIRONMENT, North Atlantic University Union, 2017, 11, pp.160-167. ⟨hal-01779612⟩

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