Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Specific Pharmacological Profile of A 2A Adenosine Receptor Predicts Reduced Fractional Flow Reserve in Patients With Suspected Coronary Artery Disease

Abstract : Background: The rapid and reliable exclusion of myocardial revascularization is a major unmet clinical need in patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and non‐contributive electrocardiography and troponin. Non‐invasive tests have high rates of false positives and negatives, and there is no biomarker to assess myocardial ischemia. The presence of spare adenosine A2A receptors (A2AR)—characterized by a high dissociation constant/half maximal effective concentration (KD/EC50) ratio—expressed on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) has been associated with ischemia during exercise stress testing in patients with CAD. In this work, we investigated the diagnostic accuracy of spare A2AR versus fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with suspected CAD. Methods and Results: Sixty patients with suspected CAD, but non‐contributive electrocardiography and troponin, were consecutively enrolled in this prospective study. The binding (KD), functional response (cyclic adenosine monophosphate [cAMP] production; EC50) on PBMC A2AR were compared with FFR results. Patients were divided into 3 groups: 17 (group 1) with normal coronary angiography (n=13) or stenosis <20% (n=4); 21 with CAD and non‐significant FFR (group 2); and 22 with CAD and significant FFR (group 3). Median KD/EC50 was 6‐fold higher in group 3 (4.20; interquartile range: 2.81–5.00) than group 2 (0.66; interquartile range: 0.47–1.25) and 7‐fold higher than group 1 (0.60; interquartile range: 0.30–0.66). Conclusions: In patients with suspected CAD and non‐contributive electrocardiography and troponin, the absence of spare A2AR on PBMC may help to rule out myocardial ischemia.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [39 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01855307
Contributor : Régis Guieu <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 7, 2018 - 4:24:05 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 4, 2020 - 5:16:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, November 8, 2018 - 5:29:59 PM

File

SPECIFIC PHARMACOLOGICAL PROFI...
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Citation

Franck Paganelli, Noémie Resseguier, Marion Marlinge, Marc Laine, Fabrice Malergue, et al.. Specific Pharmacological Profile of A 2A Adenosine Receptor Predicts Reduced Fractional Flow Reserve in Patients With Suspected Coronary Artery Disease. Journal of the American Heart Association, Wiley-Blackwell, 2018, 7 (8), pp.444-446. ⟨10.1161/JAHA.117.008290⟩. ⟨hal-01855307⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

669

Files downloads

389