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Merchants, Brigands and Escorts: an Anthropological Approach of the Biaoju 镖局 Phenomenon in Northern China

Abstract : The biaoju are defined as structured companies providing escort, protective and insurance services that operated from the 17th century until their decline in the early 20th century. They were responsible for the transport of goods, for example money (tael), salt, silk and tea, but were also in charge of protecting the traders, who were victims of plunder organized by brigands during their journeys.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01987402
Contributor : Laurent Chircop-Reyes <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 21, 2019 - 10:19:15 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 23, 2020 - 8:49:21 AM

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Laurent Chircop-Reyes. Merchants, Brigands and Escorts: an Anthropological Approach of the Biaoju 镖局 Phenomenon in Northern China. Ming Qing Studies, WriteUp Site, 2018, Ming Qing Studies, 2018. ⟨hal-01987402⟩

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