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Le laboratoire cévenol de l’après-mine. Une coextensivité des causes et des responsabilités minières, environnementales et sanitaires

Abstract : This study focuses on the two rural villages located west of Anduze, whose populations share nuisances and mining disorders of the Belgian zinc company of Vieille-Montagne. Through their behaviors and living practices on polluted soils, do the inhabitants bear disproportionately, or do they support to others, the toxic risks of legacy waste? The testimonies gathered attest to the extent of the controversy, revealing the ambivalent feelings of incredulity, protest, revolt and struggle that animate them facing the unveiling of probable and proven risks. First of all, we will retrace the socio-history of the implantation of the mines on this piedmont Cevennes, engine of development since the end of the 19th century until the aftermath of the Second World War, then we will show how the demographic contribution and the associative renewal have been able to stop the decline of the communes, because of a financial accessibility to polluted land. Finally, we will examine the unpredictability of governance, in a complex political and legal framework of partitioned missions and undecided sharing of responsibilities, between the State, industrialist and mayors.
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Béatrice Mésini. Le laboratoire cévenol de l’après-mine. Une coextensivité des causes et des responsabilités minières, environnementales et sanitaires. Géocarrefour - Revue de géographie de Lyon, Association des amis de la revue de géographie de Lyon, 2018, Visibilité et invisibilité de la pollution des sols dans les territoires (post)industriels : de nouvelles perspectives sur la résilience et la justice environnementale ?, 92 (92/2), https://journals.openedition.org/geocarrefour/11887. ⟨10.4000/geocarrefour.11887⟩. ⟨hal-01991941⟩

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