Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

À chacun sa biodiversité : approches savantes et locales de la gestion des ressources et des milieux dans le Sud de la France et le Haut Atlas marocain

Abstract : Natural resources and territories management can take diverse forms, depending on ways of thinking and knowledge of people involved in. Based on examples taken from three contrasted areas (Regional Natural Parks of Luberon and Queyras in Southern France, and High Atlas territories in Morocco), we will show to which extent academic and local approaches differ in the ways of perceiving, managing and shaping territories, as well as biodiversity concerns. Territory delimitations and zoning illustrate these discrepancies: divisions of the total area on the basis of specific species or ecosystem protection problematic, or accordance with national or international directives in matter of environmental protection, on the one hand; geographic, historical, cultural and economical criterions, and a generalized concern of seeking functional complementarities of differentiated resources areas uses, on the other hand. Concerning biodiversity, the academic approach aims at defining general rules by optimizing researches and specialized knowledge on specific elements of biodiversity such as a species or an ecosystem, while locals argue forms of local particularisms, away from any generalization, but whose vision combines both systemic and functionalist aspects in relation to human activities. This usually leads to a certain foul’s dialogue between these actors, which is exacerbated by a strong power asymetry in matter of formal resource management competencies, and by a certain mutual ignorance concerning the content and the construction modes of these different types of knowledge.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [37 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02100566
Contributor : Didier Genin <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 16, 2019 - 9:37:26 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 23, 2019 - 11:45:42 AM

File

LPED_ethnoecologie-1707-5-a-ch...
Files produced by the author(s)

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Citation

Chantal Aspe, Didier Genin. À chacun sa biodiversité : approches savantes et locales de la gestion des ressources et des milieux dans le Sud de la France et le Haut Atlas marocain. Revue d’ethnoécologie, Paris : Revue d’ethnoécologie, Museum national d’histoire naturelle, 2014, 5 (5), pp.1-14. ⟨10.4000/ethnoecologie.1707⟩. ⟨hal-02100566⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

156

Files downloads

156