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Alternative solutions to caesium in negative-ion sources: a study of negative-ion surface production on diamond in H 2 /D 2 plasmas

Abstract : This paper deals with a study of H-/D-negative ion surface production on diamond in low pressure H2/D2 plasmas. A sample placed in the plasma is negatively biased with respect to plasma potential. Upon positive ion impacts on the sample, some negative ions are formed and detected according to their mass and energy by a mass spectrometer placed in front of the sample. The experimental methods developed to study negative ion surface production and obtain negative ion energy and angle distribution functions are first presented. Different diamond materials ranging from nanocrystalline to single crystal layers, either doped with boron or intrinsic, are then investigated and compared with graphite. The negative ion yields obtained are presented as a function of different experimental parameters such as the exposure time, the sample bias which determines the positive ion impact energy and the sample surface temperature. It is concluded from these experiments that the electronic properties of diamond materials, among them the negative electron affinity, seem to be favourable for negative-ion surface production. However, the negative ion yield decreases with the plasma induced defect density.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 10, 2019 - 3:49:54 PM
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Gilles Cartry, Dmitry Kogut, Kostiantyn Achkasov, Jean-Marc Layet, Thomas Farley, et al.. Alternative solutions to caesium in negative-ion sources: a study of negative-ion surface production on diamond in H 2 /D 2 plasmas. New Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals, 2017, 19 (2), pp.025010. ⟨10.1088/1367-2630/aa5f1f⟩. ⟨hal-02310971⟩

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