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Le quartier juif d'Aix-en-Provence au XIVe siècle. Quelques considérations nouvelles

Abstract : Well-known since its publication in 1951 by E. Baratier, the ordered census of the Jews of Aix-en-Provence on 18th September 1341, which should have anticipated the regrouping of Jews on a number of streets in a constituted Jewish quarter, deserves re-reading. None of the historians who used this source has noted that the passage concerning this relocation was cancelled and that a marginal gloss, reported by Baratier in a footnote, reads 'quia est in arbitrio'. That decision was neither issued nor executed. In a letter sent by Queen Jeanne and her husband Louis of Tarento to the Seneschal of Provence on 5th August 1351, a document only known through a seventeenth-century copy, the City Council was again exhorted to confine all Jews to a single neighbourhood. On 18th March 1352, a deliberation ruled that the whole Jewish community be moved on des Fontêtes Street behind wooden gates. It is worth noting, though, that this confinement remained incomplete in many ways and did not secure the Jews’ safety.
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Noël Coulet. Le quartier juif d'Aix-en-Provence au XIVe siècle. Quelques considérations nouvelles. Revue des etudes juives, Peeters Publishers, 2019, 178 (3-4), pp.411-431. ⟨10.2143/REJ.178.3.3287132⟩. ⟨hal-02456973⟩

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