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Journal Articles Biophysical Reviews Year : 2019

High-speed force spectroscopy: microsecond force measurements using ultrashort cantilevers

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1
Felix Rico

Abstract

Complete understanding of the role of mechanical forces in biological processes requires knowledge of the mechanical properties of individual proteins and living cells. Moreover, the dynamic response of biological systems at the nano-and microscales span over several orders of magnitude in time, from sub-microseconds to several minutes. Thus, access to force measurements over a wide range of length and time scales is required. High-speed atomic force microscopy (HS-AFM) using ultrashort cantilevers has emerged as a tool to study the dynamics of biomolecules and cells at video rates. The adaptation of HS-AFM to perform high-speed force spectroscopy (HS-FS) allows probing protein unfolding and receptor/ligand unbinding up to the velocity of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with sub-microsecond time resolution. Moreover, application of HS-FS on living cells allows probing the viscoelastic response at short time scales providing deep understanding of cytoskeleton dynamics. In this mini-review, we assess the principles and recent developments and applications of HS-FS using ultrashort cantilevers to probe molecular and cellular mechanics.
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Dates and versions

hal-02457576 , version 1 (28-01-2020)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Claire Valotteau, Fidan Sumbul, Felix Rico. High-speed force spectroscopy: microsecond force measurements using ultrashort cantilevers. Biophysical Reviews, 2019, 11 (5), pp.689-699. ⟨10.1007/s12551-019-00585-4⟩. ⟨hal-02457576⟩
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