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La non-parentalité au XXIe siècle : étude des childfree

Abstract : The legalization of contraception and abortion in the 1970s in France makes it possible for couples, for the first time, to think serenely about a sexually active life without children. Second wave feminism had squeezed out maternity issues to allow women to emancipate themselves from their unique status as potential mothers. Women in the 1980s who refused motherhood tended to explain this choice by wanting to pursue a career that would have been hampered by the arrival of children. In our article, we wish to question the lived experience of current generations claiming non-parenthood. To do this, we conducted in 2017 a study of 737 people declaring themselves “childfree” via a questionnaire distributed especially on social networks. Nearly 80% of those surveyed are women, and over half (59%) are under 29 years of age. Our article aims to provide an account of this study by bringing elements from the scientific literature on the subject. This work will shed light on the contemporary problems of chosen non parenthood through its permanencies (notably the stigmatization of women or the difficult access to sterilization) and its breaks (for example the use of social networks as a support space or claiming the absence of desire to be a parent as the main reason for this choice of life).
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 13, 2021 - 10:29:38 AM
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Zoë Dubus, Yvonne Knibiehler. La non-parentalité au XXIe siècle : étude des childfree. Sextant: Revue du Groupe interdisciplinaire d'Etudes sur les femmes, Editions de l'Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2020, No children, no cry, pp.191-209. ⟨hal-02559478⟩

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