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Finite element analysis of the human orbit. Behavior of titanium mesh for orbital floor reconstruction in case of trauma recurrence

Abstract : Introduction The authors’ main purpose was to simulate the behavior of a titanium mesh implant (TMI) used to reconstruct the orbital floor under the stress of a blunt trauma. Materials and methods The orbital floor of a previously validated finite element model (FEM) of the human orbit was numerically fractured and reconstructed by a simplified TMI. Data from a CT scan of the head were computed with MICMICS (Materialise, Louvain, Belgium) software to re-create the skull's geometry. The meshing production, the model's properties management and the simulations of blunt traumas of the orbit were conducted on HYPERWORKS® software (Altair Engineering, Detroit, MI, USA). Some of the elements of the orbital floor were selected and removed to model the fracture; these elements were duplicated, their characteristics being changed by those of titanium to create a TMI covering this fracture. A 3D FEM composed of 640,000 elements was used to perform 21 blunt trauma simulations on the reconstructed orbit. Results In 90.4% (19/21) of the tests conducted, the TMI, whether free from any bony attachment or screwed to the orbital rim, has tended to move in the orbit and/or to deform. Discussion In the event of traumatic recurrence, which is not rare, TMIs may deform in a “blow-in” motion and threaten intra-orbital structures.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 28, 2021 - 3:21:02 PM
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Jean-Marc Foletti, Valentine Martinez, Pierre Haen, Yves Godio-Raboutet, Laurent Guyot, et al.. Finite element analysis of the human orbit. Behavior of titanium mesh for orbital floor reconstruction in case of trauma recurrence. Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Elsevier Masson, 2019, 120 (2), pp.91-94. ⟨10.1016/j.jormas.2018.11.003⟩. ⟨hal-02562657⟩

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