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Bacteriophytochrome from Magnetospirillum magneticum affects phototactic behavior in response to light

Abstract : Phytochromes are a class of photoreceptors found in plants and in some fungi, cyanobacteria, and photoautotrophic and heterotrophic bacteria. Although phytochromes have been structurally characterized in some bacteria, their biological and ecological roles in magnetotactic bacteria remain unexplored. Here, we describe the biochemical characterization of recombinant bacteriophytochrome (BphP) from magnetotactic bacteria Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1 (MmBphP). The recombinant MmBphP displays all the characteristic features, including the property of binding to biliverdin (BV), of a genuine phytochrome. Site-directed mutagenesis identified that cysteine-14 is important for chromophore covalent binding and photoreversibility. Arginine-240 and histidine-246 play key roles in binding to BV. The N-terminal photosensory core domain of MmBphP lacking the C-terminus found in other phytochromes is sufficient to exhibit the characteristic red/far-red-light-induced fast photoreversibility of phytochromes. Moreover, our results showed MmBphP is involved in the phototactic response, suggesting its conservative role as a stress protectant. This finding provided us a better understanding of the physiological function of this group of photoreceptors and photoresponse of magnetotactic bacteria.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02993013
Contributor : Delphine Leroi <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 18, 2020 - 4:09:51 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 4, 2021 - 3:06:34 PM

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Haitao Chen, Dandan Li, Yao Cai, Long-Fei Wu, Tao Song. Bacteriophytochrome from Magnetospirillum magneticum affects phototactic behavior in response to light. FEMS Microbiology Letters, Wiley-Blackwell, 2020, 367 (17), ⟨10.1093/femsle/fnaa142⟩. ⟨hal-02993013⟩

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