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Diversity from similarity: cellular strategies for assigning particular identities to actin filaments and networks

Abstract : The actin cytoskeleton has the particularity of being assembled into many functionally distinct filamentous networks from a common reservoir of monomeric actin. Each of these networks has its own geometrical, dynamical and mechanical properties, because they are capable of recruiting specific families of actin-binding proteins (ABPs), while excluding the others. This review discusses our current understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms that cells have developed over the course of evolution to segregate ABPs to appropriate actin networks. Segregation of ABPs requires the ability to distinguish actin networks as different substrates for ABPs, which is regulated in three different ways: (1) by the geometrical organization of actin filaments within networks, which promotes or inhibits the accumulation of ABPs; (2) by the identity of the networks' filaments, which results from the decoration of actin filaments with additional proteins such as tropomyosin, from the use of different actin isoforms or from covalent modifications of actin; (3) by the existence of collaborative or competitive binding to actin filaments between two or multiple ABPs. This review highlights that all these effects need to be taken into account to understand the proper localization of ABPs in cells, and discusses what remains to be understood in this field of research.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 12, 2021 - 12:39:25 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 24, 2021 - 2:34:58 PM
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Alphee Michelot, Micaela Sanders, Adrien Antkowiak. Diversity from similarity: cellular strategies for assigning particular identities to actin filaments and networks. Open Biology, Royal Society, 2020, ⟨10.1098/rsob.200157⟩. ⟨hal-03139857⟩

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