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Elucidating pesticide sensitivity of two endogeic earthworm species through the interplay between esterases and glutathione S-transferases

Abstract : Earthworms are common organisms in soil toxicity-testing framework, and endogeic species are currently recommended due to their ecological role in agroecosystem. However, little is known on their pesticide metabolic capacities. We firstly compared the baseline activity of B-esterases and glutathione-5-transferase in Allolobophora chlorotica and Aporrectodea caliginosa. Secondly, vulnerability of these species to pesticide exposure was assessed by in vitro trials using the organophosphate (OP) chlorpyrifosethyl-oxon (CPOx) and ethyl-paraoxon (POx), and by short-term (7 days) in vivo metabolic responses in soil contaminated with pesticides. Among B-esterases, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity was abundant in the microsomal fraction (80% and 70% of total activity for A. caliginosa and A. chlorotica, respectively). Carboxylesterase (CbE) activities were measured using three substrates to examine species differences in isoenzyme and sensitivity to both in vitro and in vivo exposure. CbEs were mainly found in the cytosolic fraction (80% and 60% for A. caliginosa and A. chlorotica respectively). GST was exclusively found in the soluble fraction for both species. Both OPs inhibited B-esterases in a concentration-dependent manner. In vitro trials revealed a pesticide-specific response, being A. chlorotica AChE more sensitive to CPOx compared to POx. CbE activity was inhibited at the same extent in both species. The 7d exposure showed A. chlorotica less sensitive to both OPs, which contrasted with outcomes from in vitro experiments. This non-related functional between both approaches for assessing pesticide toxicity suggests that other mechanisms linked with in vivo OP bioactivation and excretion could have a significant role in the OP toxicity in endogeic earthworms.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03216005
Contributor : Stéphane Greff <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 3, 2021 - 4:35:25 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 5, 2021 - 3:04:17 AM

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Fatina Jouni, Corinne Brouchoud, Yvan Capowiez, Juan Sanchez-Hernandez, Magali Rault. Elucidating pesticide sensitivity of two endogeic earthworm species through the interplay between esterases and glutathione S-transferases. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2021, 262, pp.127724. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127724⟩. ⟨hal-03216005⟩

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