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Contribution of injured posterior ligamentous complex and intervertebral disc on post-traumatic instability at the cervical spine

Abstract : Posterior ligamentous complex (PLC) and intervertebral disc (IVD) injuries are common cervical spine flexion-distraction injuries, but the residual stability following their disruption is misknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of PLC and IVD disruption on post-traumatic cervical spine stability under low flexion moment (2 Nm) using a finite element (FE) model of C2-T1. The PLC was removed first and a progressive disc rupture (one third, two thirds and complete rupture) was modeled to simulate IVD disruption at C2-C3, C4-C5 and C6-C7. At each step, a non-traumatic flexion moment was applied and the change in stability was evaluated. PLC removal had little impact at C2-C3 but increased local range of motion (ROM) at the injured level by 77.2% and 190.7% at C4-C5 and C6-C7, respectively. Complete IVD rupture had the largest impact on C2-C3, increasing C2-C3 ROM by 181% and creating a large antero-posterior displacement of the C2-C3 segment. The FE analysis showed PLC and disc injuries create spinal instability. However, the PLC played a bigger role in the stability of the middle and lower cervical spine while the IVD was more important at the upper cervical spine. Stabilization appears important when managing patients with soft tissue injuries.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03231404
Contributor : Valérie Osmont <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 20, 2021 - 5:08:29 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 1, 2021 - 10:39:40 AM

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Jean-Marc Mac Thiong, Marie-Hélène Beauséjour, Yvan Petit, Jeremy Hagen, Pierre-Jean Arnoux, et al.. Contribution of injured posterior ligamentous complex and intervertebral disc on post-traumatic instability at the cervical spine. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, Taylor & Francis, 2020, 23 (12), pp.832-843. ⟨10.1080/10255842.2020.1767776⟩. ⟨hal-03231404⟩

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