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Characterization of elapidae snake venom components using optimized reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic conditions and screening assays for alpha-neurotoxin and phospholipase A2 activities

Abstract : The vast majority of Elapidae snake venoms, genus Naja, includes three classes of toxic polypeptides: alpha-neurotoxins, phospholipases A2, and cardiotoxins. A new experimental approach using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography in particular has been developed, allowing their respective resolution, identification, and quantitation from milligram quantities of venom. First, definition of optimal chromatographic conditions for Naja mossambica mossambica toxins has been ascertained. Different column packing and solvent systems were compared for their efficiency, with particular attention to the ionic strength of the aqueous solvent. A medium-chain alkyl support (octyl) in conjunction with a volatile ammonium formate (0.15 M, pH 2.70)/acetonitrile solvent system was found to be particularly effective. All the components known until now from this venom could be resolved in a single step, and the elution order was alpha-neurotoxins, phospholipases A2, and cardiotoxins with a total recovery of absorbance and toxicity. Then, with these suitable conditions, we describe a new major cardiotoxin molecule in this venom by hydrophobic and not ionic-charge discrimination. Second, specific assays were designed to detect alpha-neurotoxin and phospholipase A2 activities in chromatographic fractions: alpha-neurotoxin activity was determined by competition for the binding of a radiolabeled alpha-neurotoxin to the acetylcholine receptor of the ray electric organ, and phospholipase A2 activity was defined by the enzymatic activity of these toxins with a fluorescent phospholipid as substrate. Finally, the applicability of these new methods to study other Naja snake venoms was demonstrated.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03261741
Contributor : Julien Caugant <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 16, 2021 - 8:43:05 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 17, 2021 - 3:35:21 AM

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Pierre E Bougis, P. Marchot, Hervé Rochat. Characterization of elapidae snake venom components using optimized reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic conditions and screening assays for alpha-neurotoxin and phospholipase A2 activities. Biochemistry, American Chemical Society, 1986, 25 (22), pp.7235-43. ⟨10.1021/bi00370a070⟩. ⟨hal-03261741⟩

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