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Isolation and Characterization of Capnocytophaga bilenii sp. nov., a Novel Capnocytophaga Species Detected in a Gingivitis Subject

Abstract : Capnocytophaga species are commensal gliding bacteria that are found in human and animal oral microbiota and are involved in several inflammatory diseases, both in immunocompromised and immunocompetent subjects. This study contributes to increased knowledge of this genus by characterizing a novel species isolated from a dental plaque sample in a male with gingivitis. We investigated morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics using different growth conditions, temperature, and pH. Cellular fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) analysis was employed with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA, orthologous average nucleotide identity (OrthoANI), and digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH) relatedness were performed. The Marseille-Q4570T strain was found to be a facultative aerobic, Gram-negative, elongated, round-tipped bacterium that grew at 25–56 °C and tolerated a pH of 5.5 to 8.5 and an NaCl content ranging from 5 to 15 g/L. The most abundant fatty acid was the branched structure 13-methyl-tetradecanoic acid (76%), followed by hexadecanoic acid (6%) and 3-hydroxy-15-methyl-hexadecanoic acid (4%). A 16S rDNA-based similarity analysis showed that the Marseille-Q4570T strain was closely related to Capnocytophaga leadbetteri strain AHN8855T (97.24% sequence identity). The OrthoANI and dDDH values between these two strains were, respectively, 76.81% and 25.6%. Therefore, we conclude that the Marseille-Q4570T strain represents a novel species of the genus Capnocytophaga, for which the name Capnocytophaga bilenii sp. nov. is proposed (=CSUR Q4570).
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 6, 2021 - 3:59:52 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 7, 2021 - 3:27:51 AM

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Angéline Antezack, Manon Boxberger, Bernard La Scola, Virginie Monnet-Corti. Isolation and Characterization of Capnocytophaga bilenii sp. nov., a Novel Capnocytophaga Species Detected in a Gingivitis Subject. Pathogens, MDPI, 2021, 10 (5), pp.547. ⟨10.3390/pathogens10050547⟩. ⟨hal-03279635⟩

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