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Volumetric 23 Na Single and Triple-Quantum Imaging at 7T: 3D-CRISTINA

Abstract : Purpose To measure multi-quantum coherence (MQC) 23Na signals for noninvasive cell physiological information in the whole-brain, the 2D-CRISTINA method was extended to 3D. This experimental study investigated the use and results of a new sequence, 3D-CRISTINA, on a phantom and healthy volunteers. Methods The 3D Cartesian single and triple-quantum imaging of 23Na (3D-CRISTINA) was developed and implemented at 7T, favoring a non-selective volume excitation for increased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and lower energy deployment than its 2D counterpart. Two independent phase cycles were used in analogy to the 2D method. A comparison of 6-steps cycles and 12-steps cycles was performed. We used a phantom composed of different sodium and agarose concentrations, 50 mM to 150 mM Na+, and 0–5% agarose for sequence validation. Four healthy volunteers were scanned at 7T for whole brain MQC imaging. The sequence 3D-CRISTINA was developed and tested at 7T. Results At 7T, the 3D-CRISTINA acquisition allowed to reduce the TR to 230 ms from the previous 390 ms for 2D, resulting in a total acquisition time of 53 min for a 3D volume of 4 × 4 × 8 mm resolution. The phase cycle evaluation showed that the 7T acquisition time could be reduced by 4-fold with moderate single and triple-quantum signals SNR loss. The healthy volunteers demonstrated clinical feasibility at 7T and showed a difference in the MQC signals ratio of White Matter (WM) and Grey Matter (GM). Conclusion Volumetric CRISTINA multi-quantum imaging allowed whole-brain coverage. The non-selective excitation enabled a faster scan due to a decrease in energy deposition which enabled a lower repetition time. Thus, it should be the preferred choice for future in vivo multi-quantum applications compared to the 2D method. A more extensive study is warranted to explore WM and GM MQC differences.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 18, 2021 - 12:22:36 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:47:33 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, February 19, 2022 - 6:55:25 PM


Volumetric 23Na Single and Tri...
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Michaela A.U. Hoesl, Lothar Schad, Stanislas Rapacchi. Volumetric 23 Na Single and Triple-Quantum Imaging at 7T: 3D-CRISTINA. Zeitschrift fur Medizinische Physik, Elsevier, 2021, ⟨10.1016/j.zemedi.2021.09.001⟩. ⟨hal-03434511⟩



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