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Intrinsic Neuronal Activity during Migration Controls the Recruitment of Specific Interneuron Subtypes in the Postnatal Mouse Olfactory Bulb

Abstract : Neuronal activity has been identified as a key regulator of neuronal network development, but the impact of activity on migration and terminal positioning of interneuron subtypes is poorly understood. The absence of early subpopulation markers and the presence of intermingled migratory and postmigratory neurons make the developing cerebral cortex a difficult model to answer these questions. Postnatal neurogenesis in the subventricular zone (SVZ) offers a more accessible and compartmentalized model. Neural stem cells regionalized along the border of the lateral ventricle produce two main subtypes of neural progenitors, granule cells and periglomerular neurons that migrate tangentially in the rostral migratory stream (RMS) before migrating radially in the olfactory bulb (OB) layers. Here, we used targeted postnatal electroporation to compare the migration of these two populations in male and female mice. We do not observe any obvious differences regarding the mode of tangential or radial migration between these two subtypes. However, we find a striking increase of intrinsic calcium activity in granule cell precursors (GC-Ps) when they switch from tangential to radial migration. By decreasing neuronal excitability in GC-Ps, we find that neuronal activity has little effect on migration but is required for normal positioning and survival of GC-Ps in the OB layers. Strikingly, decreasing activity of periglomerular neuron precursors (PGN-Ps) did not impact their positioning or survival. Altogether these findings suggest that neuronal excitability plays a subtype specific role during the late stage of migration of postnatally born OB interneurons.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03555596
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 3, 2022 - 4:53:13 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 2, 2022 - 3:34:15 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 8:37:56 PM

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Stéphane Bugeon, Clara Haubold, Alexandre Ryzynski, Harold Cremer, Jean-Claude Platel. Intrinsic Neuronal Activity during Migration Controls the Recruitment of Specific Interneuron Subtypes in the Postnatal Mouse Olfactory Bulb. Journal of Neuroscience, Society for Neuroscience, 2021, 41 (12), pp.2630-2644. ⟨10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1960-20.2021⟩. ⟨hal-03555596⟩

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