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Protein Interactome Analysis of the Type IX Secretion System Identifies PorW as the Missing Link between the PorK/N Ring Complex and the Sov Translocon

Abstract : The type IX secretion system (T9SS) transports cargo proteins through the outer membrane of Bacteroidetes and attaches them to the cell surface for functions including pathogenesis, gliding motility, and degradation of carbon sources. The T9SS comprises at least 20 different proteins and includes several modules: the trans-envelope core module comprising the PorL/M motor and the PorK/N ring, the outer membrane Sov translocon, and the cell attachment complex. However, the spatial organization of these modules is unknown. We have characterized the protein interactome of the Sov translocon in Porphyromonas gingivalis and identified Sov-PorV-PorA as well as Sov-PorW-PorN-PorK to be novel networks. PorW also interacted with PGN_1783 (PorD), which was required for maximum secretion efficiency. The identification of PorW as the missing link completes a continuous interaction network from the PorL/M motor to the Sov translocon, providing a pathway for cargo delivery and energy transduction from the inner membrane to the secretion pore. IMPORTANCE The T9SS is a newly identified protein secretion system of the Fibrobacteres-Chlorobi-Bacteroidetes superphylum used by pathogens associated with diseases of humans, fish, and poultry for the secretion and cell surface attachment of virulence factors. The T9SS comprises three known modules: (i) the trans-envelope core module comprising the PorL/M motor and the PorK/N ring, (ii) the outer membrane Sov translocon, and (iii) the cell surface attachment complex. The spatial organization and interaction of these modules have been a mystery. Here, we describe the protein interactome of the Sov translocon in the human pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis and have identified PorW as the missing link which bridges PorN with Sov and so completes a continuous interaction network from the PorL/M motor to the Sov translocon, providing, for the first time, a pathway for cargo delivery and energy transduction from the inner membrane to the secretion pore.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03558228
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Submitted on : Friday, February 4, 2022 - 4:20:34 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 7, 2022 - 11:30:21 AM

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Dhana Gorasia, Ignacio Lunar Silva, Catherine Butler, Maïalène Chabalier, Thierry Doan, et al.. Protein Interactome Analysis of the Type IX Secretion System Identifies PorW as the Missing Link between the PorK/N Ring Complex and the Sov Translocon. Microbiology Spectrum, American Society for Microbiology, 2022, pp.e0160221. ⟨10.1128/spectrum.01602-21⟩. ⟨hal-03558228⟩

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