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Pharmacogenetic Study of Trabectedin-Induced Severe Hepatotoxicity in Patients with Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Abstract : Hepatotoxicity is an important concern for nearly 40% of the patients treated with trabectedin for advanced soft tissue sarcoma (ASTS). The mechanisms underlying these liver damages have not yet been elucidated but they have been suggested to be related to the production of reactive metabolites. The aim of this pharmacogenetic study was to identify genetic variants of pharmacokinetic genes such as CYP450 and ABC drug transporters that could impair the trabectedin metabolism in hepatocytes. Sixty-three patients with ASTS from the TSAR clinical trial (NCT02672527) were genotyped by next-generation sequencing for 11 genes, and genotype–toxicity association analyses were performed with R package SNPassoc. Among the results, ABCC2 c.1249A allele (rs2273697) and ABCG2 intron variant c.-15994T (rs7699188) were associated with an increased risk of severe cytolysis, whereas ABCC2 c.3563A allele had a protective effect, as well as ABCB1 variants rs2032582 and rs1128503 (p-value < 0.05). Furthermore, CYP3A5*1 rs776746 (c.6986A > G) increased the risk of severe overall hepatotoxicity (p = 0.012, odds ratio (OR) = 5.75), suggesting the implication of metabolites in the hepatotoxicity. However, these results did not remain significant after multiple analysis correction. These findings need to be validated on larger cohorts of patients, with mechanistic studies potentially being able to validate the functional consequences of these variants.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03623645
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 2, 2022 - 9:03:08 AM
Last modification on : Monday, November 28, 2022 - 10:38:07 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, September 3, 2022 - 6:33:05 PM

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Maud Maillard, Christine Chevreau, Félicien Le Louedec, Manon Cassou, Caroline Delmas, et al.. Pharmacogenetic Study of Trabectedin-Induced Severe Hepatotoxicity in Patients with Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma. Cancers, 2020, 12 (12), pp.3647. ⟨10.3390/cancers12123647⟩. ⟨hal-03623645⟩

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