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Le port de Marseille face aux bouleversements économiques des années 1945-1992 : rythmes, stratégies des acteurs, enjeux environnementaux

Abstract : This PhD thesis aims to pursue the historical research carried out over the last twenty years on the economy of Marseille in the contemporary era, while enriching the geographical and even sociological reflections currently available in the scientific literature. Although the first (1830-1860) and second (1880-1930) industrialization of the region brought to light the specificities of local industrial-port development, the changes that took place in the second half of the twentieth century (1945-1992) led to the gradual disappearance of a centuries-old system that combined the import of raw materials from colonial overseas, processing in coastal areas, and then re-exporting the resulting products to the hinterland or foreland. At the same time as the iconic branches of this system were weakening – oil and soap, mineral chemicals, food processing activities – some companies resisted the wave of closures, while other sectors were emerging – oil, steel, container logistics – in connection with the western expansion of port infrastructures towards Lavéra from 1952, then towards the Gulf of Fos-sur-Mer from 1968. Without easy access to the documents of the period in public archives, the causes, rhythms, stakeholders and precise details of these phenomena remain unknown. The files of the Port autonome de Marseille (Autonomous Port of Marseille) created in 1966, supplemented by the archives of the port authorities that preceded it, have shed new light on the situation since the end of the Second World War. Containing rich documentation on the strategies, discourses and representations of the stakeholders as well as unpublished quantitative data, they also allow an examination of the environmental issues raised by the creation of the Fos complex, symbol of a productivistic, polluting and energy-consuming model of development at the very heart of the "Glorious Thirties".
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03260395
Contributor : Fabien Bartolotti Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 8:46:25 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 3:25:26 AM

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Fabien Bartolotti. Le port de Marseille face aux bouleversements économiques des années 1945-1992 : rythmes, stratégies des acteurs, enjeux environnementaux. Histoire. Aix-Marseille Université, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021AIXM0031⟩. ⟨tel-03260395⟩

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