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20,000 years of societal vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in southwest Asia

Matthew Jones 1, * Nizar Abu-Jaber 2 Ahmad Alshdaifat 3 Douglas Baird 4 Benjamin Cook 5 Mark Cuthbert 6 Jonathan Dean 7 Morteza Djamali 8 Warren Eastwood 9 Dominik Fleitmann 10 Alan Haywood 11 Ola Kwiecien 12 Joshua Larsen 13 Lisa Maher 14 Sarah E. Metcalfe 3 Adrian G. Parker 15 Cameron A. Petrie 16 Nick Primmer 3 Tobias Richter 17 Neil Roberts 18 Joe Roe 19 Julia Tindall 20 Ezgi Ünal-İmer 21 Lloyd Weeks 22
* Corresponding author
Abstract : The Fertile Crescent, its hilly flanks and surrounding drylands has been a critical region for studying how climate has influenced societal change, and this review focuses on the region over the last 20,000 years. The complex social, economic, and environmental landscapes in the region today are not new phenomena and understanding their interactions requires a nuanced, multidisciplinary understanding of the past. This review builds on a history of collaboration between the social and natural palaeoscience disciplines. We provide a multidisciplinary, multiscalar perspective on the relevance of past climate, environmental, and archaeological research in assessing present day vulnerabilities and risks for the populations of southwest Asia. We discuss the complexity of palaeoclimatic data interpretation, particularly in relation to hydrology, and provide an overview of key time periods
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Matthew Jones, Nizar Abu-Jaber, Ahmad Alshdaifat, Douglas Baird, Benjamin Cook, et al.. 20,000 years of societal vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in southwest Asia. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water, Wiley, 2019, 6 (2), ⟨10.1002/wat2.1330⟩. ⟨hal-02087013⟩



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