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Relationship between climate and growth of two North African varieties of Pinus pinaster Arn

Abstract : Planting tree species that are well adapted to local ecological conditions guarantees the success and sustainability of forest restoration. The aim of this study was to investigate the acclimation of two varieties of Pinus pinaster (var. renoui from Tunisia and var. maghrebiana from Morocco), to the ecological conditions of the Kroumirie Mountains in northwest of Tunisia. Tree growth performance (diameter at 1.30 m [DBH], ring widths and total height) and climate–growth responses over the period 1970–2013 were evaluated for two varieties. The trees used in this study were from pine variety and provenance trials growing in common garden in Souiniet (21 trees per variety). Significant difference in height growth rate, DBH and ring widths was found between the two varieties. The Maghrebiana variety had the highest survival and mean radial growth rates. The mean sensitivity to climate was the same in two varieties. A significant negative correlation between May precipitation and radial growth was found for var. maghrebiana. Both varieties showed a significant negative correlation between May and June temperatures and radial growth. January–February temperatures had a positive influence on ring width. The Maghrebiana variety appears well acclimatised so it is expected to ensure more successful restoration of Kroumirie Mountains.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 9, 2019 - 10:35:06 AM
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Sondes Fkiri, Frédéric Guibal, Ali El Khorchani, Mohamed Khouja, Abdelhamid Khaldi, et al.. Relationship between climate and growth of two North African varieties of Pinus pinaster Arn. African Journal of Ecology, Wiley, 2019, ⟨10.1111/aje.12610⟩. ⟨hal-02093686⟩

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