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Ontology based modelling for new- born behaviour simulation during Cardio-Pulmonary resuscitation

Abstract : This chapter concerns the formulation of a methodology and its implementation to elaborate a training simulator for medical staff who may be confronted with the critical situations of new-borns resuscitation. The simulator reproduces the different cardio-pulmonary pathological behaviours of new-borns, the working environment of resuscitation rooms, and the monitoring and control environment of the learners by a teacher. Conceptual models of new-borns behaviours combined with the cardio-pulmonary resuscitation gestures have been developed. The methodological process is jointly using cognitive approaches with formal modelling and simulation. Cognitive approaches are mobilized to elaborate application ontologies to be the bases for the development of the conceptual models and the specification of the simulator. Ontologies have been developed on the bases of a corpus of academic documents, return on experience documents, and practitioner interviews, by means of the Knowledge Oriented Design (KOD) method. A discrete event formalism has been used to formalize the conceptual models of the new-borns behaviours. As a result, a simulator has been built to train medical practitioners to face situations, which are reported to potentially cause errors and thus improve the safety of the resuscitation gestures.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02372203
Contributor : Jean-Marc Mercantini <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 11:56:46 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 23, 2019 - 1:39:56 AM

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Jean-Marc Mercantini. Ontology based modelling for new- born behaviour simulation during Cardio-Pulmonary resuscitation. Cardiac Diseases and Interventions in 21st Century, 2019, 978-1-83881-991-0. ⟨hal-02372203⟩

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