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Le principe d'égalité devant le suffrage à l'occasion du découpage électoral. Étude comparative de droit français et russe.

Abstract : In 1881, Léon Gambetta denounced the partition of French territory in electoral constituencies as “a shattered mirror in which France could not recognize itself”. The majoritarian system’s significant flaw, as the latter necessarily implies the division of the national territory in electoral constituencies, is therefore gerrymandering, an arbitrary redistricting aiming at securing an advantage for the incumbent majority. Since it accounts for a subversion of majority’s opinion expression, it requires a legal framework constraining an authority competent for redistricting process. In France and in Russia, the principle of electoral equality between citizens was hence constitutionalized. The present research paper in comparative law analyzes the sense and the impact of this principle, its relevance in light of the theory of representation as well as its eventual restrictions. The paper’s aim is to question the efficiency of the principle of electoral equality between citizens as an arm against gerrymandering. Moreover, the paper thoroughly examines different approaches to the implementation of the principle of electoral equality between citizens as well as their recent evolution. Its implementation is the object of political, administrative and judicial review. Finally, the paper aims at comparative evaluation of the legal frameworks in France and in Russia.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 6, 2020 - 5:37:10 PM
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Maria Gudzenko. Le principe d'égalité devant le suffrage à l'occasion du découpage électoral. Étude comparative de droit français et russe.. [Travaux universitaires] Aix-Marseille Université (AMU). 2018. ⟨hal-02469799⟩

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