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Survival of Rickettsia conorii in artificially contaminated whole and leukoreduced canine blood units during the storage period

Abstract : Background: The ability of tick-borne agents to survive in stored blood bags is a key factor for their transmissibility by blood transfusion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the survival and potential infectivity of Rickettsia conorii (RC) in artificially contaminated canine whole blood (WB) and in leukoreduced whole blood (LR-WB) during the storage period. Methods: RC was cultured on L929 cells. We used a one-week 25-cm 2 flask with 70-80% of L929 infected cells to prepare the bacterial inoculum by pelleting cells and suspending the pellet in the donors' serum. We infected five 100 ml WB units with RC within 2 h from the collection and maintained it at room temperature for 4 h prior to refrigeration. We filtered 50 ml of each WB bag to obtain leukoreduced WB (LR-WB) at day 1 post-infection (dpi). We checked WB and LR-WB bags at 1, 4, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 dpi for RC presence and viability through real-time PCR (rPCR) for DNA and mRNA, respectively, and by isolation. Identification of isolates was confirmed by indirect immunofluorescence and rPCRs. Results: RC survived for the entire storage period in both whole and leukoreduced blood. All bags contained viable bacteria until 7 dpi; RC viability generally decreased over time, particularly in LR-WB bags where the isolation time was longer than in WB. Viable bacteria were still isolated at 35 dpi in 3 WB and 3 LR-WB. Conclusions: Leukoreduction reduced but did not eliminate RC in infected units. The survival and infectivity of RC in canine blood during the storage period may represent a threat for recipients.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 11, 2021 - 2:15:02 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 10:20:19 AM
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Laura Lucchese, Silvia Ravagnan, Graziana da Rold, Federica Toniolo, Wendy Wurzburger, et al.. Survival of Rickettsia conorii in artificially contaminated whole and leukoreduced canine blood units during the storage period. Parasites & Vectors, 2020, 13 (1), ⟨10.1186/s13071-020-3991-9⟩. ⟨hal-03165159⟩



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