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Measuring intradialyser transmembrane and hydrostatic pressures: pitfalls and relevance in haemodialysis and haemodiafiltration

Abstract : Abstract Background Post-dilutional haemodiafiltration (HDF) with high convection volumes (HCVs) could improve survival. HCV-HDF requires a significant pressure to be applied to the dialyser membrane. The aim of this study was to assess the pressure applied to the dialysers in HCV-HDF, evaluate the influence of transmembrane pressure (TMP) calculation methods on TMP values and check how they relate to the safety limits proposed by guidelines. Methods Nine stable dialysis patients were treated with post-dilutional HCV-HDF with three different convection volumes [including haemodialysis (HD)]. The pressures at blood inlet (Bi), blood outlet (Bo) and dialysate outlet (Do) were continuously recorded. TMP was calculated using two pressures (TMP2: Bo, Do) or three pressures (TMP3: Bo, Do, Bi). Dialysis parameters were analysed at the start of the session and at the end of treatment or at the first occurrence of a manual intervention to decrease convection due to TMP alarms. Results During HD sessions, TMP2 and TMP3 remained stable. During HCV-HDF, TMP2 remained stable while TMP3 clearly increased. For the same condition, TMP3 could be 3-fold greater than TMP2. This shows that the TMP limit of 300 mmHg as recommended by guidelines could have different effects according to the TMP calculation method. In HCV-HDF, the pressure at the Bi increased over time and exceeded the safety limits of 600 mmHg provided by the manufacturer, even when respecting TMP safety limits. Conclusions This study draws our attention to the dangers of using a two-pressure points TMP calculation, particularly when performing HCV-HDF.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 26, 2021 - 3:10:52 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 7, 2021 - 8:57:53 AM

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Alain Ficheux, Nathalie Gayrard, Ilan Szwarc, Flore Duranton, Fernando Vetromile, et al.. Measuring intradialyser transmembrane and hydrostatic pressures: pitfalls and relevance in haemodialysis and haemodiafiltration. Clinical Kidney Journal, Oxford University Press, 2020, 13 (4), pp.580-586. ⟨10.1093/ckj/sfz033⟩. ⟨hal-03208425⟩

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